Zitkala-Sa with violin, ca. 1898

Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa (with violin), Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa (with violin), Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH

In addition to photographing the Sioux performers sent by Buffalo Bill Cody to her studio, Käsebier was able to arrange a portrait session with Zitkala-Sa, “Red Bird,” also known as Gertrude Simmons (1876-1938), a Yankton Sioux woman of Native American and white ancestry. She was born on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, like many of the Sioux traveling with the Wild West show. She was well educated at reservation schools, the Carlisle Indian School, Earlham College in Indiana, and the Boston Conservatory of Music. Zitkala Sa became an accomplished author, musician, composer, and dedicated worker for the reform of United States Indian policies.

Käsebier photographed Zitkala-Sa in tribal dress and western clothing, clearly identifying the two worlds in which this woman lived and worked. In many of the images, Zitkala Sa holds her violin or a book, further indicating her interests. Käsebier experimented with backdrops, including a Victorian floral print, and photographic printing. She used the painterly gum-bichromate process for several of these images, adding increased texture and softer tones to the photographs. (quoted from NMAH)

Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa (with violin), Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa (with violin), Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Gum bichromate print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa (with violin), Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Gum bichromate print. | src National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution

Zitkála-Šá (ca. 1898) by Keiley

Joseph Turner Keiley :: Zitkála-Šá (22 Feb 1876 - 26 Jan 1938), 1898 (printed 1901). Photogravure. | src National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Joseph Turner Keiley :: Zitkála-Šá (22 Feb 1876 – 26 Jan 1938), 1898 (printed 1901). Photogravure. | src National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Zitkála-Šá was a pioneer in a generation of Indian rights activists who had graduated from mission and government schools, where children were forbidden from speaking their indigenous native languages. Working together, these intellectual activists representing various tribal backgrounds used their formal educations and flawless English to fight U.S. federal Indian policy and demand social justice. At ease in mainstream and urban (i.e., white) society, they formed professional organizations. For example, the Society of American Indians, founded in 1907, was the first national all-Indian organization to advocate for Indian rights. As one of its leaders, Zitkála-Šá tirelessly fought for Native American citizenship rights, and she was described as “a Jeanne D’Arc to lead her people into citizenship.” Zitkála-Šá later founded one of the most important Native rights organizations, the National Council of American Indians. [quoted from source]

Joseph Turner Keiley :: Zitkála-Šá (1876-1938), 1898. Glycerine-developed platinum print. | src NPG ~ Smithsonian Institution
Joseph Turner Keiley :: Zitkála-Šá (1876-1938), 1898. Glycerine-developed platinum print. | src NPG ~ Smithsonian Institution

Santa Fe de Luxe, 1911

“Santa Fe de=Luxe, the only extra fare train via any line Chicago and California […] On the way visit Grand Canyon of Arizona”. Native American Hopi Indian poses (in typical hairdo) for train ad. Original vintage print ad from 1911. © W.J. Black 1911. | src vintageads on eBay

George Platt Lynes :: Maria Tallchief, born Elizabeth Marie Tall Chief, daughter of an Osage Indian chief as Eurydice in Balanchine’s Orpheus, 1948. 

As a muse to Balanchine in the late 1940s and the 1950s, she inspired some of his most enduring ballets. Among these early creations was Orpheus, the ballet that was instrumental in the creation of the New York City Ballet itself in 1948. Balanchine had choreographed the role of Eurydice on Tallchief.

| src Dance Magazine 

more [+] by this photographer

Zitkala-Sa, ca. 1898

Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src National Museum of American History
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src National Museum of American History

In addition to photographing the Sioux performers sent by Buffalo Bill Cody to her studio, Käsebier was able to arrange a portrait session with Zitkala Sa, “Red Bird,” also known as Gertrude Simmons (1876-1938), a Yankton Sioux woman of Native American and white ancestry. She was born on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, like many of the Sioux traveling with the Wild West show. She was well educated at reservation schools, the Carlisle Indian School, Earlham College in Indiana, and the Boston Conservatory of Music. Zitkala Sa became an accomplished author, musician, composer, and dedicated worker for the reform of United States Indian policies.

Käsebier photographed Zitkala Sa in tribal dress and western clothing, clearly identifying the two worlds in which this woman lived and worked. In many of the images, Zitkala Sa holds her violin or a book, further indicating her interests. Käsebier experimented with backdrops, including a Victorian floral print, and photographic printing. She used the painterly gum-bichromate process for several of these images, adding increased texture and softer tones to the photographs. (quoted from NMAH)

Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print.
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src National Museum of American History
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa (with violin), Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print.
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa (with violin), Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Gum bichromate print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Gum bichromate print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH
Gertrude Käsebier :: Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, ca. 1898. Platinum print. | src NMAH