Zitkála-Šá was a pioneer in a generation of Indian rights activists who had graduated from mission and government schools, where children were forbidden from speaking their indigenous native languages. Working together, these intellectual activists representing various tribal backgrounds used their formal educations and flawless English to fight U.S. federal Indian policy and demand social justice. At ease in mainstream and urban (i.e., white) society, they formed professional organizations. For example, the Society of American Indians, founded in 1907, was the first national all-Indian organization to advocate for Indian rights. As one of its leaders, Zitkála-Šá tirelessly fought for Native American citizenship rights, and she was described as “a Jeanne D’Arc to lead her people into citizenship.” Zitkála-Šá later founded one of the most important Native rights organizations, the National Council of American Indians. [quoted from source]
Formes Nues. Paris, Éditions d’Arts Graphiques et Photographiques, 1935. Spiral binding by Reliure Spirale Brevetée, photographic cover designed by Man Ray.
Limited first edition with 96 photographic reproductions (photogravures) by Laure Albin Guillot, Brassaï, Raoul Hausmann, André Kertesz, Herbert List, Kefer, Dora Maar, Georges Platt-Lynes, Man Ray, etc. “Amongst the numerous artistic manifestations of modern times, photography in all its applications arouses an ever growing interest among the general public. The photographers are guided in their works by various and even adverse conceptions. We have approached the most representative amongst them, who were kind enough to accept our invitation of expressing their unbiassed opinion on the matter, our only object being the coordination of the aggregate of subjects” (introduction). Text in French, English and German.