Letitia Felix by C.H. White

Clarence H. White (1871–1925) :: Letitia Felix holding her skirts, ca. 1897. Platinum print with graphite
Clarence H. White (1871–1925) :: Letitia Felix holding her skirts, ca. 1897. Platinum print with graphite. | src Princeton University Art Museum
Clarence H. White (1871–1925) :: Letitia Felix holding her skirts, ca. 1897. Platinum print with graphite. | src Princeton University Art Museum
Clarence H. White (1871–1925) :: Letitia Felix in woods [1/3], ca. 1895–1900. Platinum Print. | src Princeton University Art Museum
Clarence H. White (1871–1925) :: Letitia Felix in woods [1/3], ca. 1895–1900. Platinum Print. | src Princeton University Art Museum

Lady with kitten, Jugend, 1898

Adolf Münzer (München). Jugend: Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben, Mai 1898, III Jahrgang, Nr 20.
Adolf Münzer (München). Jugend: Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben, Mai 1898, III Jahrgang, Nr 20.
Adolf Münzer (München). Jugend: Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben, 1898, Nr 20. (detail)
Adolf Münzer (München). Jugend: Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben, 1898, Nr 20. (detail)

Jugend cover by Julie Wolfthorn

Julie Wolfthorn (Berlin) :: Titelblätter (Cover). Jugend. Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben. — G. Hirth’s Verlag in München & Leipzig. 3 September, 1898. Nr. 36, III. Jahrgang
Julie Wolfthorn (Berlin) :: Titelblätter (Cover). Jugend. Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben. — 1898 [detail]
Julie Wolfthorn (Berlin) :: Titelblätter (Cover). Jugend. Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben. — 1898 [detail]
Julie Wolfthorn (Berlin) :: Titelblätter (Cover). Jugend. Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben. — G. Hirth’s Verlag in München & Leipzig. 3 September, 1898. Nr. 36, III. Jahrgang
Julie Wolfthorn (Berlin) :: Titelblätter (Cover). Jugend. Münchner illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben. — G. Hirth’s Verlag in München & Leipzig. 3 September, 1898. Nr. 36, III. Jahrgang

Doe and fawns by Shiras

George Shiras, 3rd :: “A Doe and Twin Fawns” aka “Innocents Abroad” (taken 1896), printed 1916. Vintage photogravure published by the National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C. | src PhotoSeed
George Shiras, 3rd :: “A Doe and Twin Fawns” aka “Innocents Abroad” (taken 1896), printed 1916. Vintage photogravure published by the National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C. | src PhotoSeed
George Shiras, 3rd :: “A Doe and Twin Fawns” aka “Innocents Abroad” (taken 1896), printed 1916. Vintage photogravure published by the National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C. | src PhotoSeed

This groundbreaking photograph depicting three deer was taken at night in 1896 on one of the many lakes making up Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. It was eventually issued in 1916 as a large-format hand-pulled photogravure by the National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C. (it had previously appeared several times in the journal as a halftone-one a full-page gatefold). [quoted from PhotoSeed]

George Shiras, 3rd :: “A Doe and Twin Fawns” aka “Innocents Abroad” (taken 1896), printed 1916. Vintage photogravure published by the National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C. | src PhotoSeed
A Doe and Twin Fawns -also known as Innocents Abroad, would earn Shiras international acclaim and many important awards.

A pioneer of using flashlight photography to record wildlife in their natural environments at night, Shiras used the method of “Jacklighting”, a form of hunting using a fixed continuous light source mounted in the bow of a canoe to draw the attention of wildlife: in this case three deer, utilizing magnesium flash-powder to freeze the scene in-camera. His series of twelve midnight views, including A Doe and Twin Fawns -also known as Innocents Abroad, would earn Shiras international acclaim and many important awards.

A one-term Congressman for the state of Michigan, (his father George Shiras Sr. was a former Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) he was also an important naturalist who helped placed migratory birds and fish under Federal control. (The eventual 1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act had groundings in legislation Shiras introduced to Congress in 1903 as the first comprehensive migratory bird law not voted on.) For additional background, see article by Matthew Brower in the journal History of Photography, Summer, 2008: George Shiras and the Circulation of Wildlife Photography. [quoted from PhotoSeed]

George Shiras (III) :: A doe and her twin fawns feeding on a lake in northern Michigan, published 1935
George Shiras (III) :: A doe and her twin fawns feeding on a lake in northern Michigan, published 1935

A doe and her twin fawns feeding on a lake in northern Michigan. From: Hunting wild life with camera and flashlight : a record of sixty-five years’ visits to the woods and waters of North America. Volume I, National Geographic Society, 1935. | src Memorial University of Newfoundland

Psychiatrie-Patientin, 1890

Eine junge Psychiatrie-Patientin in einem ekstatischen Zustand, aufgenommen am 2. Januar 1890 in einer französischen Klinik. | Young woman in an ecstatic condition, France, ca. 1890. Image © adoc-photos Corbis via Spiegel
Eine junge Psychiatrie-Patientin in einem ekstatischen Zustand, aufgenommen am 2. Januar 1890 in einer französischen Klinik. | Young woman in an ecstatic condition, France, ca. 1890. Image © adoc-photos Corbis via Spiegel
Eine junge Psychiatrie-Patientin in einem ekstatischen Zustand, aufgenommen am 2. Januar 1890 in einer französischen Klinik. | Young woman in an ecstatic condition, France, ca. 1890. Image © adoc-photos Corbis via Spiegel
A young psychiatric patient in an ecstatic state, photographed on January 2, 1890 in a French clinic. | Spiegel Geschichte
A young psychiatric patient in an ecstatic state, photographed on January 2, 1890 in a French clinic. | Spiegel Geschichte

Hypnotized: Some psychologists diagnosed at the end of the 19th century that specially women were at particular risk of infection from the “Wagner virus” because of their weaker nerves. His music can trigger hysteria or “inappropriate sexual arousal”. Quoted from article

Jugend magazine, Nov. 1898

Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild · Cover image. Jugend Magazin, 1898, Nr. 48. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Hans Christiansen :: Cover image. Published in Jugend magazine, 1898, Nr. 48 (detail) | Heidelberg University Library
Hans Christiansen :: Cover image. Published in Jugend magazine, 1898, Nr. 48 (detail) | Heidelberg University Library
Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild · Cover image. Jugend Magazin, 1898, Nr. 48. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild · Cover image. Jugend Magazin, 1898, Nr. 48. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild · Cover image. Jugend Magazin, 1898, Nr. 48. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild · Cover image. Jugend Magazin, 1898, Nr. 48. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Jugend Magazin, 1898

Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild (Cover image). Jugend Magazin, Juli 1898, Nr. 27. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild (Cover image). Jugend Magazin, Juli 1898, Nr. 27. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild (Cover image). Jugend magazine, July 1898, Nr. 27 [Detail]
Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild (Cover image). Jugend Magazin, Juli 1898, Nr. 27. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Hans Christiansen :: Titelbild (Cover image). Jugend Magazin, Juli 1898, Nr. 27. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Die Gauklerin ~ The Juggler

Die Gauklerin ~ The Juggler (Hoffmann von Vestenhof). Jugend Magazin, 1898. Nr. 38. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Die Gauklerin ~ The Juggler (Hoffmann von Vestenhof). Published in Jugend magazine, 1898, Nr. 38 | src Heidelberg Univ. Library
Die Gauklerin ~ The Juggler (by Hoffmann von Vestenhof). Published in Jugend magazine, 1898, Nr. 38 [Detail]
Die Gauklerin ~ The Juggler (Hoffmann von Vestenhof). Jugend Magazin, 1898. Nr. 38. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Die Gauklerin ~ The Juggler (Hoffmann von Vestenhof). Jugend Magazin, 1898. Nr. 38. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Versuchung, Jugend, 1896

Christian Wild :: Versuchung ~ Temptation. Jugend Magazin, Nov. 1896. Nr. 45. [detail] | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Christian Wild :: Versuchung ~ Temptation. Jugend Magazin, Nov. 1896. Nr. 45. [detail] | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Christian Wild :: Versuchung ~ Temptation. Jugend Magazin, Nov. 1896. Nr. 45. [detail] | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Christian Wild :: Versuchung ~ Temptation. Jugend Magazin, Nov. 1896. Nr. 45. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Christian Wild :: Versuchung ~ Temptation. Jugend Magazin, Nov. 1896. Nr. 45. | src Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Joan of Arc by Jan Toorop

Jan Toorop [Dutch, 1858–1928] :: Jeanne d'Arc - Joan of Arc, 1898. Graphite and colored pencils on tan wove board. | Art Institute of Chicago, “Drawings in Dialogue: Old Master Through Modern“
Jan Toorop [Dutch, 1858–1928] :: Jeanne d’Arc – Joan of Arc, 1898. Graphite and colored pencils on tan wove board. | Art Institute of Chicago, “Drawings in Dialogue: Old Master Through Modern“

Signed recto, lower right, pen and black ink: “J. K. TOOROP”; dated, lower left, in pen and black ink: “1898”; inscribed recto, lower center, in graphite: “IEANNE D’ARC”

Imbued with the sinuous linear style of Toorop’s most celebrated works, this small drawing merges medieval subject matter with the graphic language of Symbolism. Cleverly situated within the voids of a capital letter E, Toorop’s title figure recalls the conventions of medieval manuscript illumination. Indeed, like many of Toorop’s drawings, this work was likely intended for inclusion in a book. The swirling parallel lines in the saint’s hair and the intensity of her downcast posture assert the sympathetic interpretation Toorop offered of this warrior saint, whose canonization was not finalized until 1920.